Power of Subtraction in Non-commutative Models

Speaker:

Time:

Friday, 25 May 2018, 17:15 to 18:15

Venue:

• A-201 (STCS Seminar Room)

Organisers:

Non-commutative algebraic circuits are those in which the variables do not commute under multiplication. Additionally, a circuit is called monotone if it does not use subtractions or negative constants. Circuits are known to be exponentially more powerful than formulas, in the non-commutative case as well as in the monotone non-commutative case.

In this talk, we will see a result of Hrubes and Yehudayoff showing a non-commutative polynomial that has small non-monotone formulas (weakest non-monotone models), but requires exponentially large monotone circuits (strongest monotone models), in the non-commutative setting.

No background to algebraic circuits will be assumed.