Polynomial to Exponential Transition in Ramsey Theory

Speaker: 

Dhruv Mubayi

Affiliation: 

University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.

Time: 

Tuesday, 6 August 2019, 11:30 to 12:30

Venue: 

  • A-201 (STCS Seminar Room)

Organisers: 

Abstract:  After a brief introduction to classical hypergraph Ramsey numbers, I will focus on the following problem. What is the minimum t such that there exist arbitrarily large k-uniform hypergraphs whose independence number is at most polylogarithmic in the number of vertices and every s vertices span at most t edges? Erdos and Hajnal conjectured (1972) that this minimum can be calculated precisely using a recursive formula and Erdos offered a $500 prize for a proof. For k = 3, this has been settled for many values of s, but it was not known for larger k.

Here we settle the conjecture for all k at least 4. Our method also answers a question of Bhat and Rodl about the maximum upper density of quasirandom hypergraphs.

This is joint work with Alexander Razborov.